120B_Lecture_6

120B_Lecture_6 - Lecture 6 : Life without Phrase Structure...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 6 : Life without Phrase Structure Rules Ling 120 BMoulton 20 October 2011 1 Why we got rid of PSRs Because they didnt make generalizations about phrase structure (order of heads, comps, specs) Because they were just lists of c-selection informations for verbs ....they were redundant We cant get rid of lexcial entries (!) so we get rid of PSRs, and add Principles to regulate how phrases and sentences are built. general format for phrases (X-bar Rules and Conventions) X-bar parameters 2 Our Grammar (in progress) 2 . 1 The lexicon put V c-selects DP, PP eat V c-selects (DP) the D c-selects NP think V c-selects CP tense wonder V c-selects CP + q whether C [ tense ] , [+ q ] c-selects TP [ tense ] that C [+ tense ] , [- q ] c-selects TP [+ tense ] for C [- tense ] , [- q ] c-selects TP [- tense ] if C [+ tense ] , [+ q ] c-selects TP [+ tense ] . . . . . . 1 Keir Moulton 120 B Lecture 6 : Life without Phrase Structure Rules 2 . 2 Phrase Structure ( 1 ) Merge Put two things (morphemes/words) or phrases (already built things) to- gether. ( 2 ) Rules for Building and Labelling X-bar Phrases a. A word/morphemes category label is put in the tree. It is an X , a head. The head carries all the information that the lexical entry does. b. Every X must head a unique, well-formed XP. c. Every well-formed XP has a unique head. d. A well-formed XP conforms to the X-bar Schema, with its parameters set. ( 3 ) X-bar Schema (and parameters for English) X-bar schema X-bar names X-bar parameters XP ZP XP Adjunct Adjunct: first and last XP UP X Specifier Specifier: first X X (YP) (UP)...
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2011 for the course LING 120b taught by Professor Moulton during the Fall '11 term at UCLA.

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120B_Lecture_6 - Lecture 6 : Life without Phrase Structure...

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