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Unformatted text preview: History 17C Lecture 4.13.2011 The Cold War & the Red Scare • Themes: o US Cold War policies were deeply rooted in a desire to maintain economic prosperity at home o US Domestic politics, in turn, were profoundly distorted by the events of the Cold War • Situation by fall of 1945: o Germany & Japan totally destroyed o US sole possessor of the atom bomb o Germany under US, British, French and Soviet occupation (Allies) o April 1945- Roosevelt had died and been succeeded by Truman Truman: not very well informed—didn’t know about the atom bomb o Summer 1945- UN launched in SF All membered nations voted as equal 5 permanent members could exercise a veto--US, Soviet Union, France, China, and Britain o US declined to join league of nations • Eastern Europe: o 1945: under Soviet Union occupation o Early 1945: met with Churchill and Stalin at Yalta At meeting Stalin had pledged to set up democratic gov’t in Soviet Union • Meant gov’t that agreed with him Scared that Germany would attack E. Europe again Imposition of pro-Soviet Regimes 1945-1949 • Harshly deployed • Anti-communism running through US society • Western Europe: o Seen as vital to maintain US prosperity o Much more industrialized and financially developed than Eastern Europe o Wanted to maintain good trade w/ W. Europe o Overall well being of the US is connected to society of W. Europe Both in domestic and foreign o Sever Economic Crisis: 1946-1947 Coldest winter yet Gov’t would align themselves with soviets because they were afraid that the soviet would completely take over Eastern Europe • 1947- Marshal Plan o Pump millions of dollars into the economy o Allowing free-enterprise o Believed Europe would become stable and free of communism o Soviet and Eastern Europe gov’t rejected Marshal Plan...
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