Hist 17C Lec 4.13

Hist 17C Lec 4.13 - History 17C Lecture 4.13.2011 The Cold...

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History 17C Lecture 4.13.2011 The Cold War & the Red Scare Themes: o US Cold War policies were deeply rooted in a desire to maintain economic prosperity at home o US Domestic politics, in turn, were profoundly distorted by the events of the Cold War Situation by fall of 1945: o Germany & Japan totally destroyed o US sole possessor of the atom bomb o Germany under US, British, French and Soviet occupation (Allies) o April 1945- Roosevelt had died and been succeeded by Truman Truman: not very well informed—didn’t know about the atom bomb o Summer 1945- UN launched in SF All membered nations voted as equal 5 permanent members could exercise a veto--US, Soviet Union, France, China, and Britain o US declined to join league of nations Eastern Europe: o 1945: under Soviet Union occupation o Early 1945: met with Churchill and Stalin at Yalta At meeting Stalin had pledged to set up democratic gov’t in Soviet Union Meant gov’t that agreed with him Scared that Germany would attack E. Europe again Imposition of pro-Soviet Regimes 1945-1949 Harshly deployed Anti-communism running through US society Western Europe: o Seen as vital to maintain US prosperity o Much more industrialized and financially developed than Eastern Europe o Wanted to maintain good trade w/ W. Europe o Overall well being of the US is connected to society of W. Europe Both in domestic and foreign o Sever Economic Crisis: 1946-1947 Coldest winter yet Gov’t would align themselves with soviets because they were afraid that the soviet would completely take over Eastern Europe 1947- Marshal Plan o Pump millions of dollars into the economy o Allowing free-enterprise o Believed Europe would become stable and free of communism o Soviet and Eastern Europe gov’t rejected Marshal Plan o
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