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wh2 ch.33 - Chapter 33 Bosnia-Herzegovina o Twin provinces...

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Chapter 33: Bosnia-Herzegovina: o Twin provinces that had been under Ottoman rule since the 15 th century o Annexed by Austria-Hungary o Capital was Sarajevo place where Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated which started WWI Dreadnoughts: o Super battleships constructed by the British in response to Germany’s threat of building a fleet with many large battleships British were determined to keep their naval superiority Fueled Germany to build their own flotilla of dreadnoughts Central Powers: o Also known as the Triple Alliance o Started off as the Dual Alliance w/just Germany and Austria-Hungary Ensured reciprocal protection from Russian attack and neutrality in case of an attack from any other power o Italy joined the Dual Alliance b/c they feared France o Later during WWI – included the Ottoman empire and Bulgaria o Sought to protect the political status quo of Europe The Allies: o Suspicious of new alignment of power (Central Powers) o First known as the Triple Entente Originated in a series of agreements between Britain &France and Britain & Russia Aimed to resolve colonial disputes o During WWI: consisted of 28 nations (Associated Powers) Von Schlieffen Plan: o Military plan that called for a swift knockout of France followed by defensive action against Russia Based off of Russia not being able to mobilize as quickly o Germany’s plan that would avoid a war on two fronts o It raised serious logistical problems and an obstacle to those seeking peace No-Man's-Land: o Deadly territory between opposing trenches o Rapid and continuous firing of machine guns (which contributed to stalemate) turned infantry charges across no-man’s land into suicide missions
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