wh2 ch.34 - Chapter 34 An Age of Anxiety Russian Civil War...

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Chapter 34 : An Age of Anxiety Russian Civil War: Started due to opposition to the Bolshevik Party Lenin’s gov’t began a policy of crushing all opposition Communists began the Red Terror where anticommunists (whites) were arrested, tried, and executed. Executed Tsar Nicholas II, Empress Alexandra, and their 5 children bc they feared that the Romanov family would fall into the hands of the Whites Peasantry largely supported the Bolsheviks Foreign military intervention supported the Whites Reds defeated the Whites due to poor organization and lack of support Political system that emerged from the civil war bore the imprint of political oppression New Economic Policy: (NEP) Temporarily restored the market economy and some private enterprise in Russia Large industries were under state control; smaller businesses went back to private ownership Included vigorous program of electrification and est. of technical schools to train technicians/engineers Joseph Stalin: Became the dictator of the Soviet Union Promoted the idea of socialism “man of steel” Misfit from the Bolshevik elite Five Year Plans: Replaced Lenin’s NEP with a rapid economic development Basic aims: o Transform the Soviet Union from agricultural country to a leading industrial power
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 165 taught by Professor Freeman during the Summer '11 term at Coastline Community College.

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wh2 ch.34 - Chapter 34 An Age of Anxiety Russian Civil War...

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