Geography Test Two Material

Geography Test Two Material - The Historical Geography of...

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The Historical Geography of Japan 9/14/10 The physical landscape Japan is made up of 4 islands -Japan is the largest North of that is Hokkaido South of that is Kyushu, Honshu They have several climates Subtropical-Kyushu Subartic-Shinto They hosted the summer and winter olympics The western side is considered the dark side Japan is known for forest management 2nd most heavily forested industrialized country 85% of Japan is mountains only a small amount is agriculture along coastal alluvial plains (along the bottoms of the mountains) Canto plain is the largest of the plains Japan is known for platonic activity surrounded by the two largest plates of the world (volcanoes,tsunami,earthquake) 143,000 people died in 1923 by a volcano , mostly by smoke inhalation In 1792 an earthquake/tsunami killed about 16,000 people The Tokugawa inheritance (1603-1867) For 250 years Japan was a feudal military state ruled by the Tokugawa Shoguns Allowed on 32 foreign ships to trade out of Nagasaki bay Japanese were not allowed to build boats Merchants who were to trade abroad were beheaded They did not want their to culture to change (evolve)
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Indigenous religion was Shintoism It concentrated on cultic devotion and deities and natural world forces Societies were social static 1- Daimyo- feudal barons (lords) who were under supreme leader or shogun; they were concentrated by two cities (Tokyo and Kyoto) 2-warriors or retainers who trained in the confusion traditions which were (aspects of the samurai) o 1-loyalty o 2-obedience o 3-service o 4-military preparedness- the number about 2 million 3-peasants were about 28 million or 80 percent of the country o were the basis for tax collection o they could not eat or drink tea o the belong to the lord and were not allowed to change anything 4-merchants(Chonin) o inferior to peasants, b/c they believe money corrupts anything it touches § they were despisd 50 percent of everything a peasant would produced would be turned over to then Samurai Castles towns emerged-mostly a peaceful time The role of the samurai was reduced and merchants became more useful Tokyo was ½ million people. Peasants were in charge of feeding Between 1600-1730 agriculture double Rice was grown in low lands Mullet was in Silk, textiles, sandals for export
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A lord less Samurai was known as (Romin) not on retainer During the Tokugawa period there was 2,090 tax revolts Rice By the mid 19 th century there was unemployed Samurai in the city The Americas sailed into Tokyo and demanded an open trade and better treatment to shipwreck sailors 13 countries set up trade at the end of the Tokugawa period As more cam in xenophobia came into place (fear of foreigners) British were hired to teach them their weapons and marched into Tokyo to overthrow it in 1968 The Meiji Restoration To reform and restore Traditional education o 3 goals of Mahe § 1-eliminate feudal class barriers § 2-open Japan to the west
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Geography Test Two Material - The Historical Geography of...

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