info god - Descartes' proof: The concept of God means a...

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Descartes' proof: The concept of God means a perfect being Existence is a perfection (or property that pertains to his being perfect) Therefore God exists. Notice that Descartes argument is rational, in the sense that it doesn't depend upon experience garnered through the sense. He works with the CONCEPT of God. The concept of God necessarily contains the idea of His being perfect. Since Descartes says that existence IS a perfection it follows that he must exist. I said earlier that Descartes argument is rational, in the sense that it doesn't begin with experience. Aquinas' arguments for God's existence are empirical (that is, beginning with what he has learned from experience). Descartes' argument for God is a modification of the "Ontological Argument" initially given by St. Anselm. Aquinas' were mostly modifications of Aristotle's argument for God (or what he called the "Prime Mover"). Later, Immanuel Kant challenged the premise "Existence is perfection". It is mostly agreed that Imannuel Kant proved this premise false; however, there is still debate about whether or not the Onotological argument is a sound argument or not. The comparison is that they both attempt to prove the existence of God, but they differ in respect to how they attempt to prove this 9as said above). Aquinas¡¦ second argument, the first cause, is trying to provide a rational proof for the existence of god. To construct his argument Aquinas is setting a group of premises that, in his opinion, irrefutably point to one valid solution, the intervention of a god like being in the creation of the universe. The first of these premises is the perpetual motion argument. Just as a machine can not be built to power it self indefinitely, nothing can be the cause of itself. In other words, by law of nature (that sits well with reason) no effect can cause the exact same effect. The result of this premise is that there has to be a chain of cause and effect, a very long one. Aquinas¡¦ second premise is that this chain can not go back for with on starting point. In his opinion, that would be equivalent to not having an engine to power this phenomenon. A very long series of cause and effect has to start with one centralistic cause that marked the beginning of all reactions The seminal idea of Descartes work is that knowledge has impassible limits, founded on the limits of our intelligence and that within those limits certainty is complete. From this a twofold requirement follows: 1) we must determine the limits of our intelligence 2) methodological = it is necessary beforehand to doubt everything, but not to doubt our intelligence. Descartes argues that philosophy can become scientific when it is established on an absolutely certain foundation like math and geometry. But where must we look in order to find a certain foundation for math, geometry and all of the sciences? The foundation will turn out to be the rational mind and not the senses. Descartes was self-consciously revolutionary in regard to the tradition of Western philosophy
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info god - Descartes' proof: The concept of God means a...

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