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Freshman Review AssessmentThe Byzantine EmpirePreserved legacy of Rome by keeping certain Roman elements(EasternRoman empire)Justinian Corpus of Civil Law - preserved Roman lawCapital at ConstantinopleIconoclasm was very controversialIrene: ruler who summoned the Second Council of Nicea and condemnediconoclasmKept Abbasid armies from taking the city of ConstantinopleThe patriarch of Constantinople resided over the church, which heldproperty throughout the empireOrthodox churchHagia Sophia - church built by JustinianBy 802 the Byzantine empire was 1/3rd of its size, the Islamic forces hadconquered most of its territoryContinued to be an important intellectual center where scholars studied,copied, and preserved Greek texts from the pastCenter of trade and culture, diverseEventually taken over by OttomansTrans-Saharan TradeTrans-saharan caravan trade network - a network of overland tradeexchanging slaves and gold from sub-Saharan Africa for cloth, pottery,and glass trinkets from the MediterraneanOnly eyewitness description is from Ibn BattutaGhana - taxed the goods going in and out of the cities he ruledWas paid in goldWelcomed Muslim visitorsMali - also taxed tradeMajor export of gold, salt, and slavesBecame a Muslim kingdom

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