HA 100 Glossary Some Useful Concepts

HA 100 Glossary Some Useful Concepts - Some Useful...

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Some Useful Concepts: Historical Moment: Historians recognize that certain social practices occur more than once over time and space, things like writing, banking, kingship, or art collecting have occurred more than once in history and are not unique to any one tradition (i.e., not the product of national "genius"). Historians like to understand what kinds of social conditions are necessary for something like kingship or art collecting to develop. In order to compare these processes in different traditions, they can refer to the moment of emergence (or decline or whatever) as a historical "moment." Therefore we can speak of a historical "moment" when artists strive to imitate natural appearances. That moment occurred in 5 th century Greece, in 11 th century China, and in 15 th century Italy for example. We could speak, for instance, of a "Manet moment," when artists deliberately reject their illusionistic tradition by flattening space and emphasizing the picture surface. This concept will be useful for you as you learn to think of "illusionism" or "abstraction" as an art historical concept rather than the product of Italian or Japanese genius. Illusionism: Illusionism is a generic term that can be applied to any artistic tradtition that attempts to mimic the appearance of things we see in the world. It could apply to an Egyptian bust of Nefertiti, to certain African sculptures, Roman painting, Chinese, whatever. Its
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HA 100 Glossary Some Useful Concepts - Some Useful...

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