{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

cont_STD - Contraception and Sexually Transmitted...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Contraception and Sexually Transmitted Infections Contraception Used for prevention of pregnancy, family planning, and more recently, for prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Methods of Contraception Abstinence: 100% effective against unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Sterilization: a surgical operation that permanently eliminates fertility - vasectomy: male; cut vas deferens and tie off ends. - tubal ligation: female; cut fallopian tubes and tie off ends. - castration: male; removal of testes. - hysterectomy: female; removal of uterus and sex organs. Barrier Methods: Provide a physical or chemical barrier between eggs and sperm. Hormonal Methods: interfere with the female hormone cycle, prevents ovulation Other Contraceptive Methods Barrier Methods Of Contraception: Provide a physical or chemical barrier between eggs and sperm. Physically block the passage of the sperm cells into the vagina or uterus or chemically inactivate sperm cells. - Condoms (Male and Female) - Spermicides - Diaphragm - Cervical Cap / Shield - IUD / IUC - Contraceptive Sponge Male Latex Condom - Covers the penis and prevents sperm cells from entering the vagina -Very effective in STI prevention and HIV prevention Effectiveness: 10-15/100 failure rate (85-90% effective) (99.5% when used in combination with spermicide). Possible Side Effects: some allergic reactions to male latex condoms (2 to 4% of users). Female Condom - Inserted into vagina and prevents sperm cells from entering the vagina -Very effective in STI prevention and HIV prevention Effectiveness: 21/100 failure rate (79% effective) (90-95% when used in combination with spermicide). Possible Side Effects: No major side effects
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 Vaginal Spermicides - kill or deactivate sperm cells. 1)Creams, jellies, and foams 2)Suppositories 3)Film 4)Condoms lubricated with spermicide Effectiveness: 15-25/100 failure rate (75-85% effective). Possible Side Effects: allergic reactions and genital irritation. Spermicides may kill some of the bacteria that cause Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and Syphilis. Spermicides offer Little or NO protection against viral STI’s .
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern