9_Nucleotides

9_Nucleotides - I I I X X X . . . N N N u u u c c c l l l e...

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Unformatted text preview: I I I X X X . . . N N N u u u c c c l l l e e e o o o t t t i i i d d d e e e s s s a a a n n n d d d N N N u u u c c c l l l e e e i i i c c c a a a c c c i i i d d d s s s F F F u u u n n n c c c t t t i i i o o o n n n o o o f f f n n n u u u c c c l l l e e e o o o t t t i i i d d d e e e s s s a a a n n n d d d n n n u u u c c c l l l e e e i i i c c c a a a c c c i i i d d d s s s energy currency: ATP, GTP. information transfer: nucleic acids. B B B a a a s s s i i i c c c S S S t t t r r r u u u c c c t t t u u u r r r e e e Like carbohydrates, nucleic acids are polymers of smaller building blocks: nucleotides. Each nucleotide is made of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphate group. N N N u u u c c c l l l e e e o o o t t t i i i d d d e e e s s s Depending on number of phosphates and the identity of the base, nucleotides are abbreviated to, e.g., ATP, CDP, or GMP where the first letter denotes the base (adenine, cytosine, guanosine) and the second letter describes number of phosphate groups (tri-, di- or mono-...
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9_Nucleotides - I I I X X X . . . N N N u u u c c c l l l e...

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