citation_guide - Writing Program Citation Guide Expository...

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Writing Program Citation Guide Expository Writing is a course that asks you to enter into a conversation with the writers you read. The words of others are always yours to use as you build your responses to the course readings, but the writing you produce must explain why the quotations you have chosen are important and it must clearly mark (with quotation marks) the boundaries between your voice and the voices of other writers. This guide shows how to make a place for the words of others within your essays and how to make those words consistent with the grammar of your own sentences. Most of the examples in this guide identify the writer or the speaker of each quotation. In addition to providing this basic information, you should make an effort to embed your quotations within your own explanation. When you quote another writer, you create an opportunity to say something about that writer's words. What problem does the quotation raise for discussion? What idea or issue does it open up, extend, complicate, or contradict? Your words and the way they surround a quotation will give that quotation something to do. Your words will tell readers how the quotation fits into or complicates the line of thought that your paper is exploring. Here are a few examples of the explanatory atmosphere that your words can create around the act of quotation. Sample I: Events are always interpreted within a context. When Bernard Goetz shot four black teens on a subway, New York City was “in the grip of one of the worst crime epidemics in its history” (Gladwell 288). In this context, Gladwell argues, Goetz’s actions seemed by many New Yorkers to be heroic, and many residents of his neighborhood joined a “raucous, impromptu street party” after his acquittal (287). Still, the recognition that context is important should not become an excuse for behavior. Sample II: De Waal is concerned about the metaphors of selfishness, competition, and survival of the fittest, and argues that altruism is an important component in any adequate explanation of animal (and human) behavior. The original function of maternal care is obviously to raise one’s own offspring, but the motivation to provide such care reaches beyond that function. The motivation has become strong and flexible enough to reach out to other young… Motives often acquire lives of their own. As a result, they do not always neatly fit
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biology’s dominant metaphors, which emphasize ruthless competition. (de Waal 649) De Waal’s idea that motives can lead dogs (or people) to transcend selfishness may suggest that the problems Drucker sees between the sectors of the knowledge society can be overcome.
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This document was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course WRITING 101 at Rutgers.

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citation_guide - Writing Program Citation Guide Expository...

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