Working with Quotations1. Contextualizing Quotes:Don’t just start a quote in the middle of your paragraph. A sentence or maybe 2 before should lead up to it andexplain what the context of the quote is. Who is saying it? Why are they saying it? What idea are you or theauthor using the quote to justify?Johnson notes that the city of Manchester during the Industrial Revolution , as described byFriedrich Engels, organized itself without “conscious, explicit intention” (qtd. in Johnson 313). Howeverwe often look to individuals to see how or why a city functions in the way it does. Johnson states, “Theimpulse to build centralized models to explain that behavior remains almost as strong as it did in Engels’sday. When we see repeated shapes and structures emerging out of apparent chaos, we can’t help lookingfor pacemakers” (315).2. Introducing QuotesNote how in the above example, the writer puts “Marcus states” before the quote. This introductory sentence isvery important in clarifying who is saying the quote. The author may not be the one who is saying the quote.
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