13 READ Nomads PT

13 READ Nomads PT - Hamblin World Civilizaiont Unit 13 Unit...

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Unit 13: Primary Texts 13.1. Orkhon Inscription. Oldest Turkish Inscription in Runic Turkish; inscribed on a stela in Central Asia, AD 732. 13.2. “The Youth of Genghis Khan,” from the Secret History of the Mongols . Late thirteenth century. 13.3. Tengri [God] gives the world to Genghis Khan. 13.4. On the character of Genghis Khan. 13.1 The Turkish Myth of Creation and Empire From the Orkhon Inscription of Kul Tigin, carved in Turkic Runes, 732 AD Oneljan Pritsak, The Origins of Rus’ , (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981), pp. 73-77. When the blue heaven ( kok Tengri ) above and the dark brown earth below were created, between the two were created sons of men (human beings). Over the human beings, my [two] ancestors Buman Khan {r. 545-552} and Istami Khan {r. 553-c. 570} mounted [the throne]. Having mounted [the throne], they established and organized the confederation and the law of the Turkic nation. The four quarters [of the world] all were enemies. Having marched with armies, they took all the peoples of the four quarters, they subjugated all of them. They made those who had heads bow and those who had knees kneel. They settled [the Turkic people] eastward up to the Qaderqan Yis (Khingan) Mountains and westward as far as Tamer Qapey (the Iron Gate in Sogdiana, northeastern Iran). The Kok (Blue = East) Turks [at that time] without any political structure were in this way settled between the two [boundaries]. Wise Khans were they; brave Khans were they. Their soldiers, too, were wise and brave, indeed, their subordinated lords and their peoples were in accord. Thus in this way they indeed established the confederation. Having established the confederation they organized the law. They [Buman and Istami] passed away, a natural death. As mourners and lamenters there came [starting with those] from the east, from where the sun rises: the confederation of Bukli Col (to the north of Korea), the Chinese, the Tibetans. the Avars, the Byzantines, the Qirqiz, the Uc Quriqan, the Otuz Tatar, the Qitan, the Tatabi [the last five all being Central Asian nomadic tribes]. All these people, having come, lamented and mourned. Such famous khans were they. Afterwards the younger brothers became khans. indeed, [and then] the sons became khans. But apparently the younger brothers did not resemble their older brothers, and the sons did not resemble their fathers. They sat [as] unwise khans, indeed. They sat [as] Hamblin World Civilizaiont Unit 13
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cowardly khans, indeed. Their soldiers were unwise, indeed. They were cowards, indeed. [On the one side] because their lords and peoples were not in accord, because of the deceitful cunning of the Chinese empire [and] their trickery, [on the other] because of a rift created between both the younger and older brothers, [and finally] because both the lords and people were led to slander one another, the Turkic people ruined the confederation they had established, they lost the Khan they had made Khan. Their sons
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13 READ Nomads PT - Hamblin World Civilizaiont Unit 13 Unit...

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