13a NOTES Nomads

13a NOTES Nomads - Nomadism Nomadism Domestication of...

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Unformatted text preview: Nomadism Nomadism Domestication of animals No permanent residence No cities = not civilized Seasonal migration for water and pasture Great migration to new lands Independent and warlike Central Eurasian Steppe Nomadic ecologies Steppe Forest Desert Steppe Nomads Scythians 800 BCE -200 CE Turko-Mongolian, 300 BC - AD 1700 Huns, 300 BC - AD 550 Turks, 500-1200 Mongols, 1200-1700 Forest Nomads Cattle and Horse All Central and Northern Europeans Celts, 700 BC - AD 700 Germans, 200 BC - AD 1000 Slavs, AD 300-900 Desert Nomads Camel, Horse, Sheep Arabs Berbers Nomad Social Structure Nomadism Great traders and warriors Tension between steppe and sown agriculturalists vs. nomads Steppe = grassy plans good for grazing but inadequate for farming Nomadic Tribalism claimed descent from a single ancestor prime loyalty to tribe Larger Tribal confederations family clan tribe Rule by Khan = king/chief Military system mobile society organized for predation very militaristic All males serve as mounted horse archers Strategic and tactical mobility Mounted archers Master Horsemen Parthian shot...
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13a NOTES Nomads - Nomadism Nomadism Domestication of...

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