Ancient_India

Ancient_India - Ancient India Ancient India 2500 – 232...

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Unformatted text preview: Ancient India Ancient India 2500 – 232 BCE Harappan India Harappan India 2500 – 1900 BCE Advanced urbanization – – – – – 100,000 or more Defensive walls Fired brick Street plans Sewage system Importance of religion Written language Surrounding farmland No central government Extensive trade Decline around 1900 BCE Aryans Aryans 1500 – 326 BCE Siberia and Asian steppes Tribal­based – Horsemen – Warriors – Chieftain and priesthood Class system – Slavery Aryans Aryans Caste System Mostly functional (elements of race) Varna – Kshatriya (Warriors) Raja Council of elders – Brahmins (Priests) Original ruling class – Vaisya (Freemen, farmers and traders) – Sudras (Indigenous population) Peasants Laborers – Pariahs (not really part of caste system) Slaves Outcasts Aryans Aryans Caste System Jati Legally unchanging Interactivity Advantages? Disadvantages? Culture Culture Family unit Marriage Economics – – Agriculture Trade and manufacturing Language – Sanskrit – Prakrit Literature Architecture and sculpture Science Ancient Indian Religion Ancient Indian Religion Vedic Era – – – Harappan/Aryan blend Sacrifice Asceticism Hinduism – Majority religion No theological doctrines Upanishads (500s BCE) – Intangible reality – Self discipline – Reincarnation Wheel Of Life Dharma Karma Moksha Ritualistic Ancient Indian Religion Ancient Indian Religion Buddhism Siddartha Gautama (563­483 BCE) Reaction to Hinduism – Ritualism – Class Rejection of power and pursuit of happiness True serenity found in harmony Ancient Indian Religion Ancient Indian Religion Buddhism Nirvana Self mastery Four Noble Truths – Suffering – Desire – Nirvana – Eightfold Path Ancient Indian Religion Ancient Indian Religion Buddhism Splits after Buddha’s death Theravada – Stricter – Monastic – Strict codes Mahayana – – – Liberal Many ways to salvation Monasticism voluntary Mauryan Dynasty Mauryan Dynasty 324 – 183 BCE 326 BCE – invasion by Alexander 324 BCE – Chandragupta Maurya – Treaty – Provinces and districts – Law code – Court system – Professional army – Secret police Mauryan Dynasty Mauryan Dynasty 324 – 183 BCE Economy – Mining – Manufacturing – Lumber – Cattle breeding – Infrastructure – Extensive trade Mauryan Dynasty Mauryan Dynasty 324 – 183 BCE Ashoka 269 ­232 BCE – Conversion to Buddhism – Religious tolerance – Spread of Buddhism – Peace and prosperity Asian barbarians Internal decay ...
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