Early_Islam - Islam Islam Civilization Founded on Faith...

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Unformatted text preview: Islam Islam Civilization Founded on Faith Arab Foundation Arab Foundation ► Environment Desert Trade ► Bedouins Tribal Warriors Traders Arab Foundation Arab Foundation ► Urban Centers Mecca and Medina Cosmopolitan Written language ► Religion Polytheistic Animism ►Sacred objects – Ka’ba Muhammad Muhammad ► Merchant family ► Orphaned ► Business man ► Family man ► Conflict of influences ► Introspective Muhammad Muhammad ► Year of the Hijra ► Converts ► Return to Mecca ► Crisis Teachings Teachings ► Qu’ran ► Five Pillars Allah and Muhammad Prayer Fasting/Diet Almsgiving Pilgrimage ► Jihad Teachings Teachings ► Afterlife ► Piety and Charity Greater than ritual Wealth ► Society Family Christians and Jews Leadership Crisis Leadership Crisis ► Death and succession Sunni and Shi’ites Abu Bakr and Ali Early Empire ­ Caliphs Early Empire ­ Caliphs ► Abu Bakr 632 – 634 CE Bedouin faction ► Umar 634 – 644 CE Expansion Governance ► Theocratic ► Segregation ► Jizya ► Uthman 644­656 CE Official version of Quran ► Civil War Umayyad Dynasty Umayyad Dynasty 661 – 750 CE ► Ali ► Muawiya ► Damascus ► Continued expansion ► Governance Non­Muslim converts Mawali ► 740 – Rebellion Abbasid Dynasty Abbasid Dynasty 750 – 1258 CE ► Al’ Abbas ► Baghdad ► Religious reform ► Political reform ► Societal structure Cosmopolitan, multi­ethnic Restricted social contact Dhimmis Culture Culture ► Religion Qu’ran Ulama and the Sharia Challenges ► Government Diwan Vizier Emir Culture Culture ► Military Hybrid Training and equipment Formidability ► Intellectual Environment Arabic language University Greek culture Science Culture Culture ► Arts Geometric Architecture ► Reflecting pools/fountains ► Landscaping Calligraphy Fiction ► Family Male­dominated Concubines Harems Muslim Apex Muslim Apex 900 – 1200 CE ► Size ► Commerce ► Cosmopolitan ► Slavery ► Divided Seljuks Seljuks ► Nomadic warriors ► Mercenaries ► 1055 CE – control ► 1096 CE – Crusades ► Division ► Mongols 1258 CE End of Abbasids ...
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