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Unformatted text preview: V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes February 4, 2009 City Government The American city of the early 19 th century was a merchant city • Small urban areas – trade was very important o Very little municipal services o Property requirement to vote o Women suffrage many years in the future • White male property owners made the decisions of the city Competition among cities • Cities issued bonds to construct infrastructure projects o Canals o Roads o Railroads • Lack of financial regulations What are the major differences of municipal financial regulations of today vs. the 1840s? Cities had weak mayor system; power was with the city council. The Political Machine • Peaked at the beginning of the 20 th century • More prevalent in the northeast and upper Midwest • Last icon; Mayor Richard Daley Sr., of Chicago How did the political machine work? • Cities were broken down into districts (wards) • Within each ward there were smaller sub-units, precincts • Wards elected a city council representative (alderman) • Each ward had a political leader; ward boss • Ward bosses hired precinct workers Page 1 Patronage – The ability or power to appoint people to jobs.Patronage – The ability or power to appoint people to jobs....
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- Spring '09
- Political machine, Municipality, Local government in the United States