Class+Notes+1-26-09

Class+Notes+1-26-09 - V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes January...

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V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes January 26, 2008 The American City in the 19 th Century Major changes occurred between 1800’s and 1900’s Population: In 1800 the population of the United States was about 5 million; the urban population, over 2,500, accounted for only 5% of the total population. Majority of population was east of the Alleghenies and, in New England east of the Green Mountains. Largest American cities at this time; New York City 60,000, Philadelphia 41,00 Baltimore and Boston about 25,000. In 1900 the population of the United States was about 75 million and the urban population had increased to 30 million. Largest American cities at this time; New York City was 3.4 million, Philadelphia 1.3 million and Chicago was 1.7 million. The city of Chicago was not even settled in 1800. What do you think were the major causes for this huge population increase? What about: o Agricultural productivity (1800: 90% lived on farms, 1900 only 50%) o Immigration (Wars, famine and politics) o Industrial advancements In the United States cities sometimes occurred before there was an agricultural base to support the city. The farms came after the city was settled. The opposite was true in Europe. Page 1
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Reasons behind the urbanization of the United States Transportation: The mode of travel started by horse and wagon in 1800 and ended in 1900 with streetcars and trains. The canal and river boats assisted urban growth for New York city in the 1830s. Trains started in the 1830s and were a major mover of freight and supplies before the start of the Civil War and canal travel was outdated. Remember the Indiana example? Cities were being built in the latter half of the 19 th century near rail lines and ocean/lake ports. New York City Chicago These cities were the first multi-modal operations. Is multi-modal transportation important today? Factory Production: Department stores located within major cities o These stores brought people in to shop; o needed more and more employees; o needed more merchandize and required more manufacturing. Manufacturing
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This document was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course SPEA-V 161 at Indiana.

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Class+Notes+1-26-09 - V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes January...

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