Class+Notes+3-25-09

Class+Notes+3-25-09 - V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes Poverty...

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V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes March 25, 2009 Poverty the background Poverty was not always centered in urban areas 1960 census only 83% of proportional poverty in urban areas 1995 data stated that 142% of proportional poverty in urban areas Reasons for increased urban poverty Loss of manufacturing jobs Movement of “white collar” jobs to suburbs Lack of education and skilled (technical) trade experience Migration or rural poor to urban areas Cities problems dealing with poverty Contradictions Poor create economic burden on cities Cities tried to raise taxes for services for the poor Businesses leave the cities because of higher tax rate Smaller tax base result in smaller revenues for cities which cause a call for higher taxes Social effects: People do not want to live near poverty areas Public School district suffer Journalist Ken Auletta – The underclass (poor) Mr. Auletta identifies the underclass in four (4) groups: 1. Passive poor (long term welfare recipients) 2. Street criminals 3. Hustlers (people who earn money legally or illegally)
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Class+Notes+3-25-09 - V-161 Spring 2009 Class Notes Poverty...

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