egypt - Egypt Land of the Pharaohs 1 Objectives Identify...

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1 E gypt Land of the Pharaohs 1 Objectives • Identify the stylistic conventions of ancient Egypt • Describe the impact of the Nile River on Egyptian life, art and religion • Relate the religious beliefs to the art • Differentiate between the art of the Old and New Kingdoms 2 • Recognize the differences in the Amarna period
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2 The Land Sunny Vast desert Sandstone mountain ranges Two seasons (45 ° -115 ° ) Nile River Ancient Times Marshes with island ridges 3 Grassy parklands Forests of papyrus The Nile River Longest – 4,160 miles Flows south to north Floods annually Divides country into two parts Upper Egypt (South) • Thin strip of land • Represented by Lotus Blossom 4 Lower Egypt (North) • Delta Region • Represented by Papyrus
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3 5 Gods and Goddesses Re (Ra, Amen, Aton) Supreme god Represented as the Sun Appeared on a mound on the Nile Shu & Tetnut Primary male and female forces Geb (Earth) & Nut (Sky) Osiris Seth 6 Isis Nephthys
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4 Gods and Goddesses Osiris god of orde god of order king who brought civilization to Egypt became god of underworld and afterlife Seth god of chaos murders Osiris & scatters pieces across Egypt Isis 7 goddess of life gathers up pieces, resurrects Osiris with Osiris has Horus Gods and Goddesses Horus Avenges father, becomes king god of the pharaoh Represented as falcon or falcon headed man Pharaohs identified with Horus while alive di t hO i i h d d 8 and with Osiris when dead
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5 Gods and Goddesses Hathor Daughter of Re and divine mother of pharaoh Represented as cow Anubus god of mummification Represented as Jackal Weighed hearts in underworld Maat Daughter of Re & goddess of truth and justice 9 Feather used to measure weight of heart Ka • Life force or spirit Life force or spirit •L iv ed for eternity doing same things did in life • Needs a body or a statue • Especially important for a king ed to development of elaborate funerary practices 10
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6 Egyptian Dynasties • 31 dynasties • Grouped into Kingdoms when one King ruled all of Egypt • Otherwise Intermediate Period 11 Egyptian Dynasties Predynastic (to 2920 BCE ) Early Dynastic (2920-2575 BCE ) Old Kingdom – age of great Pyramids (2575-2134 BCE ) •1 st Intermediate Period (2134-2040 BCE ) Middle Kingdom – age of renewed national unity (2040-1640 BCE ) •2 nd Intermediate Period (1640-1550 BCE ) New Kingdom – Golden Age, great temple complexes (1550-1070 BCE ) Late Period(712 332 13 Late Period(712-332 BCE ) – Conquered by Persia (525 BCE ) – Conquered (liberated) by Alexander the Great (332 BCE ) – Conquered by Rome (30 BCE )
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7 Egyptology • Historical References – Old Testament of Bible – Manetho – history of Egypt 300 BCE
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This document was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course AR 107 at Montgomery College.

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egypt - Egypt Land of the Pharaohs 1 Objectives Identify...

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