greek2 - CLASSICAL PERIOD 1 CLASSICAL PERIOD 480BCE 323BCE...

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1 C LASSICAL LASSICAL P ERIOD 1 C LASSICAL P ERIOD 480 BCE – 323 BCE 480 BCE – 450 BCE Early (Severe) 450 BCE – 400 BCE Mature (High) 400 BCE – 323 BCE Late 2
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2 C LASSICAL P ERIOD Persian Threat 546 BCE Persia takes Ionic city states 494 BCE Miletos destroyed men killed, women & children sold as slaves 480 BCE Athens Occupied 3 blood ran like rivers in the streets” The Greek World 5
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3 C LASSICAL P ERIOD Ideal of Beauty endures in Western Art al of Beauty endures in Western Art humanism rationalism idealism 6 C LASSICAL P ERIOD Ideal of Beauty endures in Western Art al of Beauty endures in Western Art “Man is the measure of all things” seek an ideal based on human form “Know thyself” seek inner significance of forms 7 “Nothing in excess” reproduce only essential forms
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4 8 Temple of Hera II, Paestum, Italy, ca. 460 BCE. 9 East pediment from the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece, ca. 470–456 BCE. Marble, approx. 87’ wide. Archaeological Museum, Olympia.
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5 Seer, from the east pediment of the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece, ca. 470–456 BCE. Marble, approx. 4’ 6” high. Archaeological Museum, Olympia. 10 Athena, Herakles, and Atlas with the apples of the Hesperides, metope from the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece, ca. 470–456 BCE. Marble, approx. 5’ 3” high. Archaeological Museum, Olympia. 11
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6 Earliest known example of contrapposto , a relaxed and natural stance. Weight shifts to his left leg and his head turns slightly to his right. Absence of Archaic smile 13 Kritios Boy , from the Acropolis, Athens, Greece, ca. 480 BCE. Marble, 2’ 10” high. Acropolis Museum, Athens. Most Classical Greek statues were sculpted in bronze and have not id survived. Much of the Classical Greek sculptures today are Roman marble copies. 14 Warrior, from the sea off Riace, Italy, ca. 460–450 BCE. Bronze, 6’ 6” high. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Reggio Calabria.
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7 The Lost-Wax Technique 15 Zeus (or Poseidon?), from the sea off Cape Artemision, Greece, ca. 460–450 BCE. Bronze, approx. 6’ 10” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens. 16
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8 MYRON, Diskobolos ( Discus Thrower ). Roman marble copy of a bronze original of ca. 450 BCE, 5’ 1” high. Museo Nazionale Romano—Palazzo Massimo alle Terme. 17 Originally titled Canon Established Polykleitos’ canon of proportions, setting ideal correlations among body parts Contrapposto Notice the harmony of opposites 18 POLYKLEITOS, Doryphoros (Spear Bearer) . Roman marble copy from Pompeii, Italy, after a bronze original of ca. 450–440 BCE, 6’ 11” high. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples.
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9 Elected stratego , general of Athens 15 times Instrumental in rebuilding and beautifying Athens after second Persian invasion Idealized appearance 19 KRESILAS, Pericles. Roman marble herm copy of a bronze original of ca. 429 BCE. Full herm 6’ high; detail 4’ 6 1/2” high. Musei Vaticani, Rome.
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This document was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course AR 107 at Montgomery College.

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greek2 - CLASSICAL PERIOD 1 CLASSICAL PERIOD 480BCE 323BCE...

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