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Unformatted text preview: speech by adding suffixes; past tense is usually made by adding 'ed'. (How this ending is pronounced is a phonological rule) ‘Wonder – wonderful’ = noun to adjective = add ful to make a noun into an adjective Organize – organization = add tion to make a noun from a verb Un ____________ believable. = epithetical infixing (putting a bad word into the middle of another word) Past tense = ‘ed’ in most cases Plural = ‘s’ in most cases 5. Semantics - rules of meaning; which words mean what, and how is meaning determined? Deals with colloquialisms, regionalisms, clichés, jargon, meaning in general. 6. Pragmatics - Rules governing the social functions of language ('How are you?'). For example, when we say 'let's get together', what does it mean? What’s up = how are you? I’ll call you = probably not Okay = I’m ready to say goodbye now; this conversation is coming to an end. Using all your names = you’re in trouble...
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This document was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course SP 108 at Montgomery College.
- Summer '11