key for linguisticstermssummer11

key for linguisticstermssummer11 - speech by adding...

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Some Basic Linguistics Terminology 1. Syntax - rules which govern word order and possible sentence formation in a language. In Spanish, subjects aren’t always necessary. In Hindi, ‘what are you doing’, would be ‘doing what are you?’ (VOS) Chinese is SOV (subj, obj, verb) 2. Phonetics - study of the physical properties of sounds of language (where they are made in the mouth, whether they are voiced or not, etc...) /p/ is a voiceless (no vocal cord vibration), bilabial (two lips) stop (air is stopped in the mouth) 3. Phonology - the sound rules of language, for example, which sounds can change meaning and where sounds can appear in a word, as well as how sounds are pronounced in different contexts. IN Korean, /l/ and ‘/r/’ are parts of the same sound (speakers hear them as the same), whereas in English, they are separate and change the meanings of words. (late vs. rate) Arabic doesn’t have /p/ at the beginning of words, only in the middle. 4. Morphology - rules for possible word formation. In English, we often change parts of
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Unformatted text preview: speech by adding suffixes; past tense is usually made by adding 'ed'. (How this ending is pronounced is a phonological rule) ‘Wonder – wonderful’ = noun to adjective = add ful to make a noun into an adjective Organize – organization = add tion to make a noun from a verb Un ____________ believable. = epithetical infixing (putting a bad word into the middle of another word) Past tense = ‘ed’ in most cases Plural = ‘s’ in most cases 5. Semantics - rules of meaning; which words mean what, and how is meaning determined? Deals with colloquialisms, regionalisms, clichés, jargon, meaning in general. 6. Pragmatics - Rules governing the social functions of language ('How are you?'). For example, when we say 'let's get together', what does it mean? What’s up = how are you? I’ll call you = probably not Okay = I’m ready to say goodbye now; this conversation is coming to an end. Using all your names = you’re in trouble...
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  • Summer '11
  • Whittenburg
  • vocal cord vibration, Basic Linguistics Terminology, possible sentence formation, late vs. rate, possible word formation

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