22_ecotourismSP2008

22_ecotourismSP2008 - Tourism and Environment: Ecotourism...

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1 Tourism and Environment: Ecotourism as a Case Study Geography 1000 Lecture 22 Spring 2008 Some Terms from the Lecture that will be on the test • Ecotourism defined • Strengths of Ecotourism • Problems with ecotourism
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2 “Tourism is the activities of persons travelling to, and staying in places, outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes” World Trade Organisation
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3 Ecotourism defined: • Ecotourism can be broadly defined as nature-based tourism activities that are in accord with the concepts of ecological sustainability and environmental education, including all activities that promote the use of green practices within the tourist industry. Local People Visitors Environment Ecotourism ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004 Source: Taylor Stein 2003 Types of Benefits • Personal – Psychological – Physiological • Social • Economic • Environmental ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004
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4 What kinds of businesses fall into the ecotourism category? • Guided nature tours- canoeing, hiking, birdwatching • Cultural tours- historical, archeological • Farms (Agritourism)- livestock, herbs, organic ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004 Who else benefits from ecotourists? • Outfitters- birding store, hiking gear, camping • Restaurants- local cuisine • Craft sales- pottery, clothing, local artwork • Bed and Breakfasts • Others? ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004 From a functional viewpoint ecotourism is: • Mostly individual or small-scale tourism (tour groups <25 and hotels with <100 beds • Operated by small and medium sized companies in natural areas • Concentrates on leading and accommodating small groups in natural areas in an educational manner Source: United Nations Environment Programme 2001 ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004
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5 What do they spend? Expenditure: $1000- $2000+/trip Information from Wight 1996 and TIES 2000 ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004 North American EcoTourist Profile 35-54 years old 50/50 male/female depends on what activity, but evens out with full survey 82% college graduates very high amount of education "Lifelong Learners" Take courses still Trip Characteristics • Trips lasting 8-14 days • Trips skewing to shorter days Willing to commit more time and money than average tourist • Wilderness setting/wildlife People increasingly in urban environment, suburbs have same ills as urban Want to do reverse of lifestyle than where they live • Travel as couples Family travel depends on a robust economy
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6 Motivations Enjoy Nature Learn New Things Family Relations Reduce Tension Escape Physical Stress Share Similar Values Independence Introspection Be with Considerate People Achievement/Stimulation Physical Rest Teach/Lead Others Risk Taking Risk Reduction Meet New People Creativity Nostalgia Agreeable Temperatures ©Pandion Systems, Inc. 2004 ecotourism is
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course GEOG 1000 taught by Professor Veeck during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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22_ecotourismSP2008 - Tourism and Environment: Ecotourism...

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