Comm 200 LN 0308_handout

Comm 200 LN 0308_handout - Chapter 14 Groupthink COMM 200...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 14 Groupthink COMM 200 Dr. Gibbs 3/8/10 Group Dynamics Individuals behave differently in groups than as individuals Groups are subject to biases and social pressures Groups may make collectively bad decisions due to conformity pressures Definition Groupthink is a way of deliberating that group members use when their desire for unanimity overrides their motivation to assess all available plans of action. A.k.a. collective “stupidity” due to pressures to conform Government Policy Examples U.S. Navy preparedness at Pearl Harbor Escalation of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War Watergate cover­up The current Iraq War Assumptions of Groupthink Conditions in groups promote high cohesiveness Group problem solving is primarily a unified process Groups subject to affiliative constraints Groups and decision making are frequently complex Conditions that Promote Groupthink Group cohesiveness Causes pressure to conform Structural factors Group insulation Lack of impartial leadership Lack of clear decision­making procedures Group stress Time pressure to meet deadline Symptoms of Groupthink Overestimation of the group Illusion of invulnerability Belief in the inherent morality of the group Closed­mindedness Out­group stereotypes Collective rationalization Continued… Symptoms of Groupthink Pressures toward uniformity Self­censorship Illusion of unanimity Self­appointed mindguards Pressure against dissidents Ways to Prevent Groupthink Require oversight and control Embrace whistle­blowing in the group Allow for objection Balance consensus and majority rule ...
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Comm 200 LN 0308_handout - Chapter 14 Groupthink COMM 200...

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