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Class Notes - General Psychology Notes Lecture 3 9/8/2010...

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General Psychology Notes Lecture 3 – 9/8/2010 Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939) - Major psychological illness of 19 th Century – women suffering from hysteria - Why? o Because they had no rights: Not allowed to receive education, use libraries, etc. Husbands had all the money Wife-beating and abuse was considered honorable, necessary, etc. The entire legal system was in favor of the man against the woman Girl raised as slave Passed on as slave when married No escape Complete powerlessness from birth to death HYSTERIA SYMPTOMS - Heightened excitability - Violent mood-swings - Depression - Phobias - Also, many severe physical problems o Paralysis of the arms, hands, jaw o Blindness - In modern times, hysteria is called: o Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – the long, severe stress that follows trauma - These women’s symptoms are exactly the same as those of soldiers returning from war - For example: Charcot (French neurologist at large hospital in Paris) o Gave world-famous lectures on effects of hypnotism on hysteria o Used hypnotic suggestion (instruction under hypnotism) to remove patient’s symptoms Lecture 4 – 9/15/2010 - Freud, as a young man visiting Paris, saw Charcot’s presentations – much impressed - Charcot not interested in the cause of hysteria, only in fame, and altering the condition using hypnotic suggestion - Freud and Janet independently came up with the theory of the cause Cause of hysteria - Patients have had traumatic experiences o These experiences leave memories that are too emotional to face o Memories are split off from the rest of the mind, hidden.
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o Nevertheless, the memories are so intense that they actually control the person’s life i.e. paralyzing the arm, etc. . - Freud said: purpose of hypnotism: to discover these memories, and bring them into consciousness, where they can be faced, and united with the rest of consciousness - It is the unification of consciousness with the buried memories, that brings the relief and happiness - Freud’s discovery is the most fundamental anyone has ever made about the human mind **Learn these 7 points: 1. Memories are the problem a. These psychological difficulties people develop are due to the fact that they are “suffering from memories” 2. Too Muchness a. These memories are too emotionally charged to be faced. b. The emotions overwhelm the person c. They have too-muchness 3. Defenses a. The too-muchness must be defended against. There are a number of techniques that the mind uses to defend itself against too-muchness a.i. i.e. repression 4. Splitting a. Behind all these defenses is really a splitting of the mind. A defense is a barrier. A barrier creates a splitting. (example: repression creates a barrier between memory and consciousness) (Another example – multiple personality disorder is a splitting) 5. Illness is Splitting a. Psychological illness is therefore splitting or fragmentation of mind. It is therefore splitting that makes properly in his/her life. 6.
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Class Notes - General Psychology Notes Lecture 3 9/8/2010...

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