Class 1 - Introduction and Ch. 1

Class 1 - Introduction and Ch. 1 - August 29 August...

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Unformatted text preview: August 29 August Introduction 1 The class The Lectures on chapters (supplements Lectures text) text) Participation (in class and attendance) Exams – midterm and final Government Assessment Policy Paper and Presentation 2 Class Blackboard site Class Check it often Includes copies of PowerPoint slides Includes for each class for Includes resources for your Includes assignments assignments Assignments will be submitted through Assignments the course site the 3 Attendance & Participation Attendance You are expected to attend and You participate regularly in class discussions and exercises discussions 5 points will be awarded per class for points attendance. Be sure to sign the roster each class. (total 70 points) each 4 Exams Exams 20% of grade each (100 points each) Midterm – October 24th Chapters 1-6, 11 Final Final DECEMBER 14th – this is a WEDNESDAY • Same time, same room Cumulative Cumulative Since there are only 2, please plan to Since attend. Make-ups are not preferred. attend. 5 Government Assessment Paper Government 10% of grade (50 points) 2-3 pages, double-spaced, APA format Attend at least 1 hour of government meeting Paper is an observation based on the Paper following general questions following Who is in attendance? What is atmosphere? How Who are the public treated? Where do elected officials sit in relation to public? What topics are discussed? Is the public allowed to participate? discussed? DUE NOVEMBER 7TH 6 Policy Paper Policy 20% of grade (100 points) Submit topic statement by start of class Submit September 19th. (10 points) September Final paper due by start of class November Final 21st. 21 5-7 pages (excluding cover and references) This is your opportunity to explore a topic in This American government/public administration that interests you! that Illustrate, through your topic, how the policy Illustrate, process works. process 7 Policy Paper Policy Steps of the Policy Process Problem definition Selection of alternatives Decision-Making Policy design Program implementation Program evaluation 8 Policy Paper Policy General components Introduction Brief history of problem (problem definition) Brief Outline of potential policy alternatives and Outline solutions (include pros and cons of each) solutions Recommendation of alternative (include the Recommendation reasons and methodology that led you here) reasons Design and implementation of alternative (explain Design in detail how your recommendation will work and be in action) be Conclusion (why is your recommendation good? Conclusion What does it contribute?) What References (1 must be a peer-reviewed journal, References 9 NO WIKIPEDIA) NO Presentation Presentation 10% of grade (50 points) 5 minutes on the findings of your policy minutes paper paper May use powerpoint or other handouts to May supplement if you wish supplement Grade will be based on content more than Grade style style PRESENTATION DAYS – NOVEMBER 28TH AND DECEMBER 5TH AND Attendance is MANDATORY on both days 10 Assignment Schedule Assignment September 5 NO CLASS – LABOR DAY September 19 Policy Paper Statement Due October 24 MIDTERM (Ch 1-6, 11) November 7 Government Assessment Paper November 21 Policy Paper Due November 28 Student Presentations (Part I) December 5 Student Presentations (Part II) December 14 (WEDNESDAY) FINAL (Cumulative) 11 The Plan!! The We will generally cover 1 chapter per class We session. session. Be prepared to discuss the material each class Be session – I plan to make this interactive!! session There will be several guest speakers and There occasional in-class activities (one will be graded and worth 20 points) graded Several of the assignments aren’t due for a Several while – don’t let the time catch up with you! while 12 Chapter 1 Chapter Public Administration: Public An Indispensable Part of Society Society 13 “The care of human life and The happiness…is the first and only legitimate object of good government.” Thomas Jefferson Thomas 15 Government Needs Resources Government What does government need/have What and how does government work to accomplish this? accomplish Money People Authority 16 Government Needs Resources Government Money Government spends a lot of money Ideally, government should bring in government money to equal what is spent money Taxation – unique authority of a Taxation government government GDP common measure of the GDP economy economy 17 Government Needs Resources Government Revenues are generated by: General Revenue Taxes General • Sales tax, income tax, property tax, Sales inheritance tax, excise tax inheritance Fees • Tolls, parks, museums, libraries, Tolls, license, passport, permits license, Earmarked Taxes • Employment tax – social security, Employment medicare, medicaid, federal pensions medicare, 18 What is the money spent on? What Big Ticket #1 - defense and international Big programs programs ½ of world’s military costs spent by U.S. Big Ticket #2 – Social Security and Big Medicare Medicare Mandatory by law $1 trillion in 2007 – 40% of federal budget Government spending significant part of Government national economy national 19 Government Needs Resources Government People Governments employ over 20 Governments million people nationwide million Millions more work on contract Millions basis (8 million in 2002) basis Biggest federal employers • US Postal Service • National Defense/International Affairs State and Local governments have State grown while Federal has shrunk. grown 20 What does the money and the people give us? people More than you might realize! When you turn on a light switch or a faucet, When you expect lights and water – Government officials ensure these things happen & safely. officials Regulations – noise ordinances, waste Regulations removal, neighborhood norms – enforced by public servants public Basic rules of the road Water and Air regulations (EPA) Public Education Labor laws, etc 21 What does the money and the people give us? people More than you might realize! When you turn on a light switch or a faucet, When you expect lights and water – Government officials ensure these things happen & safely. officials Regulations – noise ordinances, waste Regulations removal, neighborhood norms – enforced by public servants public Basic rules of the road Water and Air regulations (EPA) Public Education Labor laws, etc 22 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: National Highway System • Started in 1944 but took until 1956 for Started government to provide authority for the project – over 46k miles, $114 B project Federal Housing Administration (FHA) • Government mortgages since 1934 • One of ‘safest’ mortgage lenders because One all loans are guaranteed should borrower default default 23 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: Consumer Protection • Protects consumers against unfair, Protects deceptive or fraudulent practices deceptive • Conducts investigations, sues Conducts companies/people who violate the law, develop rules to protect consumers, educates consumers/businesses on rights educates • Free credit reports, Do Not Call Registry, Free product warranties, clothing care labels, etc product 24 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: National Weather Service • Unit of Department of Commerce, National Unit Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (NOAA) • Provides weather forecasts/warnings for Provides U.S. and territories U.S. • Data provides a national database and Data infrastructure used by other government entities, private sector, general public, and the global community. the 25 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: Student Financial Aid • Have you ever thought of your financial aid this Have way?! way?! • Mission is to ensure all eligible individuals Mission benefit from programs – loans, grants, workbenefit study – to obtain higher education. • Provides over $100 billion annually to nearly Provides 14 million students. 14 26 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: Food and Drug Safety Programs (FDA) • Unit within the Department of Health and Unit Human Services Human • Responsible for protecting the public health by Responsible assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, medical devices, food, and other products. food, 27 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: Federal Emergency Response (FEMA) • Support citizens and first responders • Organize the nation to work together to build, Organize sustain, and improve capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards. mitigate Amtrak • Nation’s passenger rail system • 21k miles across 46 states, D.C. and Canada 28 Government must be organized to effectively provide services to Some examples: United State Postal Service (USPS) • Delivers to more than 150 million homes, Delivers businesses and P.O. boxes in every state, city, town and borough in the nation. town • Service is struggling as we move to a more Service digital age. digital 29 How Government Serves Others Others Two distinct ways: Serving individuals Lending resources to efforts that aid the Lending common good common • • • Support of non-profits Research Foreign Assistance 30 How Government Serves Others Others Support of Non-profits Charitable arm of American society Program and activity focused, low Program administrative costs administrative 5.2% of the GDP – 1.4 million organizations Arts, culture, education, environment, health Arts, care, human services, etc… care, So, how does government actually support So, nonprofits? nonprofits? 31 How Government Serves Others Others Support of Non-profits 501(c)(3) tax status – exemption from federal 501(c)(3) income taxes, allows donors to make tax deductible donations deductible IRS tax code defines what organization must IRS be to be non-profit • Not owned by individual or shareholder, goals o Not organization cannot increase wealth, cannot promote specific political campaign, restrict lobbying and advocacy activities lobbying Government funding is about 30% of nonprofit revenues – strengthens the fabric of profit American civil society. American 32 How Government Serves Others Others Research – Why is this important? National Institutes of Health – formed in 1887, 27 different research institutes and groups groups • Awarded $20 billion to over 47,000 grants in 2007 • Resulted in breakthroughs for Type 2 Diabetes, Resulted cancer, HIV/AIDS501(c)(3) tax status – exemption from federal income taxes, allows donors to make tax deductible donations tax 33 How Government Serves Others Others Foreign Assistance – Globalization This has changed the way we operate. • National economy has become the Global National economy economy • Illnesses have traveled the world – Mad Cow Illnesses • National Security • USAID (United States Agency for International USAID Development) – federal government tool in international arena international Formed in 1961 to provide long-range social and Formed economic assistance economic Very Political! 34 How Government Serves Others Others What about things that impact our What lives everyday? lives Chicago Police Department Citizen and Law Chicago Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR) Enforcement • Database of crime statistics available to law Database enforcement and citizens alike enforcement • Allows for citizens to receive regular updates on Allows crime crime This has resulted in a decrease in crime. 35 Public Service by Public Servants Servants “The Bureaucracy” Most know government as a bureaucracy Most staffed by civil servants with no faces or names names Dr. Rajiv Jain - 29 years WWII Veteran Osceola Fletcher – 60 years 36 Public Service by Public Servants Servants “The Bureaucracy” “Everything I have done is a continuum of the Everything kind of public service I believe in. I have had the opportunity to work with such a wonderful diversity of people-something that was not possible when I was growing up. It is important to connect generations to each other; otherwise we lose perspective on the meaning of what came before and what lies ahead, and how to achieve a less contentious world.” world.” 37 Bureaucracy Bureaucracy The structure within which virtually all The government organizations operate and is characteristic of large, private concerns, as well. concerns, Concept is to ensure that goods and Concept services can be produced or provided in the most efficient manner possible. in 38 Bureaucracy Bureaucracy Max Weber – German sociologist and Max organizational theorist organizational Jurisdictional boundaries – prescribed by laws Jurisdictional or administrative regulations or Hierarchy – ensures ordered system where Hierarchy superiors monitor subordinates superiors Reliance on written documents Expertly trained managers Management of the organization subscribes to Management general rules – learned and applied uniformly general 39 Bureaucracy Bureaucracy Negative stereotypes are commonplace Often begun by small groups – citizens Often blaming politicians, politicians blaming citizens blaming Public sector get paid too much for amount of Public time they work, lots of vacation, cheap benefits benefits Politicians often blame incompetent Politicians bureaucracy for failed policies but don’t credit bureaucracy for successful policies. bureaucracy Public employees are more often Public productive, dedicated productive, 40 What is Public Administration? What Administrators are impartial implementers Woodrow Wilson and Frank Goodnow • Separation of politics and administration, known as Separation the politics/administration dichotomy the • Wilson – government is there to organize the Wilson common interest against the special interest common • Goodnow – politics has to do with policies and Goodnow administration dealt with their execution administration This dichotomy is viewed as simplistic and This narrow narrow The legacy, however, is a classic piece of the The foundation of the field. foundation 41 What is Public Administration? What Challenges to the politics/administration Challenges dichotomy dichotomy Leonard White (1926) Leonard • Public Administration is the management of men Public and materials in the accomplishment of the purpose of the state. purpose • Objective is the most efficient utilization of the Objective resources at the disposal of officials and employees employees This definition fails to account for democracy This and social equity. and 42 What is Public Administration? What A narrower view is Public Management Management of organizations within the Management government or nonprofit sector. government Public management driven by need to reach Public goal, not profits and is inherently attached to democratic principles. democratic Luther Gulick – responsibilities of the Luther executive executive • PODSCORB Planning, Organizing, Directing, Staffing, Coordinating, Planning, Recruiting, Budgeting Recruiting, • Today, this concept also includes Strategic Today, Planning and Human Resources Planning 43 What is Public Administration? What Since inception in 1930’s, field has Since changed significantly changed Largest in 1960’s and 1970’s with New Public Largest Administration Administration • H. George Fredrickson – New Public H. Administration adds social equity to the classical objectives and rationale objectives 44 What is Public Administration? What “the formation and implementation of public the policy. amalgamation of management-based strategies such as planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling. It incorporates behaviorally based practices adopted from psychology and sociology. All strategies and practices utilized within a democratic framework of accountability. The formation and implementation of policy, while formally controlled by government managers, has since been expanded to include nonprofit and for-profit communities.” and 45 For next class For NO CLASS NEXT MONDAY Reconvene on September 12th Chapter 2 – Organizational Theory and Chapter Management Management Policy Paper Statement due September Policy 19th 19th 46 ...
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This document was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course PAD 3003 at FSU.

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