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READING IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY GROUP 8: (Works of Luna and Amorsolo) SUMMARY OF EVENTSThe Spoliarium painting features a glimpse of Roman history centered on the bloody carnage brought by gladiatorial matches it shows a way of the Roman Empire to entertain themselves by fighting inside the coliseum and putting rules on it. The gladiators are sacrificing their lives just to survive.Spoliarium is emphasized the violation of human rights towards the colonizers of Spain and Juan Luna expressed his patriotism through it. A flag that brings with it stories of patriotism, heartbreaks, and struggles of the triowho represented all the unsung heroines of the Revolution, young and old. Fernando Amorsolo made this painting to show how the Philippine flag was made and to appreciate the traditions and customs that we didn’t notice it becomes faded. To take care and give importance the National flag which it symbolizes as white triangle stands for equality and fraternity; the blue field for peace, truth and justice; and the red field for patriotism and valor. The eight rays of the sun stand for the first eight provinces that the colonizers have put under martial law. The three stars symbolize Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. These just shows us to loved our country, be proud of it do not be ashamed because our ancestors risked their lives for the freedom from the hands of the colonizers.
HISTORICAL CRITICISMJuan Luna’s Spoliarium(1884), the painting was submitted to the ExposiciónNacional de Bellas Artes in 1884 in Madrid and now placed at National Museum of FineArts located in Manila. The painting shows the history. For Luna, painting was a way tograsp history. His choice of a bygone historical moment as his subject conveys thecapacity of painting to render history a visibility, the recognition of a memory. TheSpoliariumas a whole is a picture of tragic remembrance and historic truth, andaccording to Theodor Adorno, the condition of truth is to allow suffering to speak. Luna’s