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Readings in Philippine History EMILIO AGUINALDO,MGA GUNITA NG HIMAGSIKAN SUMMARY OF THE EVENTS Heneral Emilio Aguinaldo was the first and the youngest president of the Philippines. His leadership was attacked by numerous controversies from the death of Procopio and Andres Bomifacio to the different governments he established. This made his memoir/book more intriguing to read with the expectation that he would present his side or story on the different issues he was involved with. He won most of the battles he and his comrades fought with compared to the forces ofBonifacio. He was able to strategically entered into an encounter with a Spanish troopsin Cavite despite the lack of weapons and ammunitions. Prior to his election as president to the new republic in Tejeros convention he was able to held the following positions: 1.Cabeza de Barangay
2.Gobernadorcillo capitan municipal (Municipal Governor-Captain) 3.War General (Magdalo, a Katipunan faction headed by his cousin Baldomero Aguinaldo). On March 22, 1897, while Aguinaldo in Pasong Santol, Dasmariñas, Cavite, Tejeros convention was held and resulted to election of Emilio Aguinaldo as president where Andres Bonifacio did not recognize instead declaring the results as null and void. In the chapter 44 of Aguinaldo’s memoirs, Andres Bonifacio and his brother Procopio were arrested with criminal charges of Treason, Sedition and a conspiracy to murder Emilio Aguinaldo. The military court found the two Bonifacio’s guilty and hence subjected to death penalty. According to Aguinaldo, he tried to commute the sentence (charge the penalty to less severe) of the Bonifacios’ but Heneral Pio del Pilar and Mariano Noriel persuaded him toimpose the original penalty. Aguinaldo, as president, established different types of government; 1.Biak na Bato a republican government where its constitution was patterned fromCuban constitution. It was a short love republic because Governor General