Exam 3 Guide

Exam 3 Guide - Exam 3 Guide Terms Printing Revolution...

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Exam 3 Guide Terms Printing Revolution Before it, memorization abilities were at an all-time high, literacy was low Movable type China first Slower through Europe, GUTENBERG – system of printing with separate pieces of type books printed with movable type eventually gave way to mass production Woodblock printing a form of moveable type Scientific Revolution printing helped to promote rational modes of thought that characterize a modern society o people no longer had to accept what authorities said; could read and form own ideas printing allowed for widespread distribution of maps and accounts of explorations printing allowed the establishment of an intellectual feedback system that helped drive out scientific errors; data could also be recorded more accurately human knowledge advance as result of exposure to diff. theories, perceptions, interpretations less memorization required, students could devote time to more adv. problems Protestant Reformation circulation of books allowed for people to challenge dominant Catholic order printed bible allowed worshipers to be discerning and seek God’s word directly MARTIN LUTHER – 95 Theses Printing and PR had direct relationship ; Protestant major tenant was that everyone read Bible Engineer Romans, catapults, siege machinery required for the first time specialists in technology Literacy Great bulk of population could not read throughout Middle Ages; CHARLEMAGNE had to have documents/ books read aloud to him Protestants became much more literate More literate society could ponder new ideas, especially those relating to social change Urbanization and spread of capitalism made society hungry for ideas books could disseminate view of importance of literacy based on social factors mentioned above; in Korea, printers had previously invented moveable type but society didn’t find literacy important so it didn’t spread Media Perspective Principle of art; how art is viewed; rules of perspective developed only after printing produced an individualistic perception of the world Broadsheets Late Medieval way of circulating news Stereotype plate
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Allowed for printing of both sides of the paper; allowed for mass production of newspapers Changed literacy, public opinion Telegraph Invented by SAMUEL F.B. MORSE; first device to make use of electricity to send/receive signals Tied together far-flung communities, facilitated running of railroads, brought news Led to development of radio b/c of limitations Newspapers Geared toward a popular audience, brought about diff. style of writing Made society more aware of current events Connection between public transportation and advanced literacy o Steam power, steam ships and railroads, transports report to various locations, news sent back by telegraphs, newspapers gain relevance as worthy news becomes available “Yellow Journalism” Debasement of actual news for stories of sensationalism that will sell
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course CHE 234 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at Clemson.

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Exam 3 Guide - Exam 3 Guide Terms Printing Revolution...

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