C7 Notes - Art History I Chapter Seven: Notes &...

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Art History I Chapter Seven: Notes & Vocabulary Christine Tate, Ph.D. “Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.” Exodus 20:4 Dates: 286 C.E. Diocletian divides the Roman Empire and creates the Tetrarchy 313 C.E. Constantine issues the Edict of Milan (declaring Rome to be religiously neutral) 330 C.E. Constantine transfers the capital of the empire to Constantinople 395 C.E. Empire permanently split (West=Roman, Latin; East=Byzantine, Greek) 476 C.E. Western Empire falls to Germanic invaders 726-843 C.E. Period of Christian Iconoclasm (“Image Breaking”) 1054 C.E. Schism : Christian church officially split (Roman=Pope; Byzantine=Patriarchs) 1095-1204 C.E. Four “ Crusades 1453 C.E. Byzantine Empire falls to the Ottoman Turks Vocabulary: Monotheism: Exclusive belief in a single unified diety/creator Codex: A book made of folded leaves (pages) sewn together on one edge (versus a scroll) Syncretism: Blending of two or more different cultural traits into a new cultural trait Tesserae: Components of a mosaic (tiles, jewels, shells, stones, coins, etc,) Orant: A standing figure with arms outstretched and palms turned up in prayer Mandorla:
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course REAL ESTAT 83676 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '97 term at Golden Gate.

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C7 Notes - Art History I Chapter Seven: Notes &...

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