Art History I Chapter Ten: General Notes & Vocabulary Christine Tate, Ph.D. China: The Middle Kingdom Dates : c. 5000-c. 2000 B.C.E. Neolithic Period c. 2000-221 B.C.E. Bronze Age 221 B.C.E. China politically unified for the first time by the Qin Emperor, Shi Huangdi 221 B.C.E.-220 C.E. Han Dynasty 220-617 C.E. Period of political upheaval 618-907 C.E. Tang Dynasty 907-1279 C.E. Song Dynasty 1279 C.E. Mongol Conquest (Temu-jin, a.k.a. Kublai Khan) Religions/Philosophies : Confucianism : An ethical system emphasizing personal responsibility—especially within families and, by extension, between rulers and their subjects—based on the teachings of the 6 th century B.C.E. sage Kung Fu Tzu. Daoism , a.k.a. Taoism: “The path” or “the way”, believed to have been founded by Laozi in the 6 th century B.C.E., Daoism emphasizes understanding the power(s) that flow(s) through the universe as a harmony of opposites (light/dark, male/female, etc.) In the West, acupuncture, herbal and holistic medicine, and martial arts are its best-known facets.
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