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Unformatted text preview: 9/16 Lecture 5
Concept: as a result of the growth of a national economy driven by dreams of settling the continent. New cities grew and expanded.
Modernization and social crisis
Emergence of national power
2nd strike not favorable for workers
Can’t control direction of railroad
Nationalization of economy
Consolidation of power
Large corporations set up in cities, demand for unskilled labor. Eugene V. Debs didn’t like this aspect of growth.
Most came from Europe. (Ellis Island)
Why leave the homeland?
Expanding number of unskilled jobs in America. Overpopulation/less land in Europe
Decline of craft industries/developed workers
How Immigrants settle in new cities/job housing networks
Moved into networks with other people of same ethnicity, have contacts (family members) in the neighborhoods. Family economy
Based on sharing, puts pressure on women. Child mortality rates it high. Bad living conditions, etc.
Irish and Jews come to stay, didn’t leave like other ethnicities. Incentives: Get rich. Letter writing to family back home causes big influence. Poor conditions in cities. Women have to bare more children.
Black immigrants from south contributed to immigration
Wrote articles to Chicago Defender
1) Migration slower before WWI from upper south
2) Migration flow picks up during WWI/demand for labor rises
3) Blacks relied on kinship networks for housing but could not secure job connections
4) Few blacks inclined to return to the south ...
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- Fall '08
- unskilled labor. Eugene, continent. New cities, cities/job housing networks, craft industries/developed workers, women. Child mortality