13_Food+EnvSP2008

13_Food+EnvSP2008 - 1/9/2008 Lecture 13:Food and...

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1/9/2008 1 Lecture 13:Food and Environment :Environmental and technical effects on global food consumption Geography 1000 SPRING 2008 The two PARTS of ONE Earth • Even after China’s economic reforms have placed refrigerators in virtually all URBAN Chinese households, more than three fifths of the world’s population do not refrigerate food and three fifths have storage problems. • As always, the conditions facing the developed and developing nations are simply not the same. The Environmental Needs of Major Economic Crops explain a great deal of modern history • Most are tropical or subtropical in environmental requirements of high temperature and moisture regimes. • Cotton, sugar (cane), tea, coffee, opium, tobacco (now varies), rubber, palm oil (candy, processed foods), pepper, banana, coconut, dates.
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1/9/2008 2 Culture plays a role in defining what is “food” Culture is in many ways a “black box” which reflects the constant interplay between peoples, their environment, economy, political conditions, social institutions, and international relations Leviticus and Food Taboos • The “Oblation” to Yahweh--unlevened wheat flour cooked in oil • Unclean foods --camel and all with a cloven hoof; and pigs (not a ruminant) • Unclean: all creatures of lake and sea which DO NOT have scales. • Also winged insects, small ground beasts (mole, rat, lizards), many birds of prey. Technology is also a critical component • Refrigeration and canning allow local long term food storage in developed countries. • Crop breeding and scientific husbandry allow increased food production into “ecotones” • Modern post-harvest food storage, processing, and handling reduce losses
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3 Wealthy Places Eat what they want NOW! Last week, I made a Gumbo, a kind of seafood stew. The crayfish came from China (Hardings), the crab came from Louisiana, the shrimp from Texas, the okra from Mississippi, tomatoes from California, rice from Louisiana, bay leaves from South Carolina, and the file from Mexico. Refrigeration transformed our diet BUT also opened new markets!! • 1834 first patent to Jacob Perkins and Albert T. Marshal had the second (1899) BUT G. Munters and Carl von Platen of Sweden held the patent in 1926 which led to the first home refrigerator which was mass produced in Evansville, Indiana by Electrolux Refrigerator Sales Company Previously, ICE was King • There were many firms in the midwest, including concentrations in western Michigan which cut ice from the Great Lakes and shipped it by water throughout the midwest and south. Still, the frozen food industry takes off
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course GEOG 1000 taught by Professor Veeck during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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13_Food+EnvSP2008 - 1/9/2008 Lecture 13:Food and...

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