SCIENCE - of thought English doctor philosopher and writer...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY, AND REASON * While all of the political upheaval was going on with Charles I, scientists and philosophers were using the new freedoms to break new ground * By discovering the laws of motion and gravitation that governed the movements of heavenly and earthly bodies, Sir Isaac Newton had revealed an orderly, clockwork universe regulated by rational principles. * People came to believe that the human intellect could discover natural laws that would solve social, political, and economic problems. Enlightenment, or Age of Reason. * Three major thinkers: * German philosopher and writer Immanuel Kant (1724–1804) * Kant’s philosophy held that knowledge is a combination of sensation and understanding, a synthesis of sensual perception and the principles, or laws,
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: of thought. * English doctor, philosopher, and writer John Locke , (1632–1704) * Locke, who has been called the “founder of the analytic philosophy of mind,” published the Two Treatises of Government , which disputed the divine right of kings and popularized the idea of “natural rights.” * Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith (1723–1790) * The economist Smith, in his book The Wealth of Nations , proposed that even economics is governed by a system of natural laws that work in an ordered and rational way, if not interfered with by governments and monopolies. * There are three major divisions of Enlightenment literature: the Age of Dryden, the Age of Pope, and the Age of Johnson....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online