3_Envr_Mov_HistSP2008

3_Envr_Mov_HistSP2008 - Geography 1000 Lecture 3 January...

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1 Geography 1000 Lecture 3 The many origins of the environmental movement in the United States January 14, 2008 Environmental SCIENCE— cannot be separated from Environmental POLITICS !! In this lecture, and throughout the class, we must consider events in their proper context…we all ―know‖ the earth is a system, but we overlook the concrete political and economic realities under which change is possible. Public concerns are driven by crises. Legislation is driven by public concern. All responses are influenced by social, cultural, economic, and political context. Changing Concerns of the Environmental Movement It is all too convenient to pretend that the environmental movement is monolithic, but this is just not true. Especially at present, there are many movements which sometimes have conflicting goals, YET all are part of the ―Environmental Movement‖ broadly defined.
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2 Movements have to have a history…. .I guess. .. Is a common topic enough to allow the ―environmental movement‖ to trace its roots to Walden Pond ( Walden H.D. Thoreau 1854) BUT, these books are measures of the times they were written. The Utopian era of the 1870s-1890s seems overlooked. Many dozens of ―model‖ settlements such as the Amana Colony, and ―Fruitland‖ are established in response to the harsh working conditions in the factory towns of the Northeast--a feeling that people had ―lost touch‖ with nature. Religions played important roles in this early era…. . IN THE US! Communities of Mennonites, Quakers, Amish and other groups rejected both the trappings and the economies created by industrial growth. This link, between human spirituality, and the ―natural‖ world remains to the present in the United States, BUT less in other nations.
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3 Conservation/Preservationist Era 1864 Congress creates Yosemite National Park (control by Calif.) 1866 ―Ecology‖ coined by the German biologist Ernst Haeckel 1892 John Muir begins the Sierra Club. 1893 13 million acres of forest preserve created by Pres. Harrison Early Leaders wished to conserve the American West, responding to………. .. 1872 Mining Act--rights to sub- surface resources on public land are sold @ $5.00/acre Dam Building throughout the nation begins with 1913 Hetch Hetchy Vally (Yosemite) and continues through 1950s. For the sake of order….
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2008 for the course GEOG 1000 taught by Professor Veeck during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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3_Envr_Mov_HistSP2008 - Geography 1000 Lecture 3 January...

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