CMST 342 Aug 25 2011 - CMST 342 Lecture #2 Classical...

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CMST 342 Lecture #2 Classical Management Theory Early 1900s Industrial Revolution- Got huge companies with more workers. Main Theories (Classical Approach to Organizations) The Machine Metaphor (cars- it is machine and each part does its own thing) o Specialization o Standardization o Replaceability o Predictability Henri Fayol’s Theory of Classical Management o Henri Fayol o Early 20 th Century—French o Proposed Five Elements of Management Planning Organizing Command Coordination Control o Fayol’s Elements are the “what” of management o Also proposed Principles of Management (How) o Principles of Organizational Structure Scalar Chain- Chain of command. There needs to be a chain for people to work up. *Very strict vertical chain. Unity of Command- All managers work toward similar goal. Unity of Direction- Similar tasks with similar goals all be under one manager. Division of Labor- When you put together your organization, your employees will be more effective with a limited amount of tasks. Order-There is a place for everyone in the organization.
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This document was uploaded on 11/04/2011 for the course COMMUNICAT 342 at University of Tennessee.

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CMST 342 Aug 25 2011 - CMST 342 Lecture #2 Classical...

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