Cancer notes

Cancer notes - Cancer 2ndLeadingCODinUS(2009stats Men...

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Cancer  2 nd  Leading COD in US (2009 stats) More than 1.4 million new cases/year (excluding skin) Estimated 555,000 deaths each year Costs the nation $219 Billion yearly  Men Women http://www.cancer.org/downloads/stt/CFF2009_LeadingSites_Est_6.pdf
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What is “Cancer” A cancerous cell is  one that… Inability to regulate  cell division Daughter cells don’t  resemble parent  cells
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Cancer arises from DNA  mutations in cells
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Cancer Terminology Carcinogen Benign, malignant Metastasize 3 Ways to Combat  Cancer 1 o  prevention 2 o  prevention 3 o  prevention Tumor = -oma  Sarcoma—connective  tissue Carcinoma—epithelial Adenoma--glandular
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Lung Cancer— Most common cancer death 215,000 new cases annually 15% of all cancers  Incidence Men– significant decline Women-- plateau (after increasing) Risk Factors Smoking, Radon, asbestos Dx No routine screening Symptoms Persistent cough, chest pain, recurring bronchitis, blood Only 15% alive 5 years after diagnosis (all stages)
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rd   rd  most deadly 105,000 (colon) + 42,000 (rectal) 57,000 deaths yearly; incidence stable Symptoms Rectal blood, blood in stool, change in bowel habits, or cramping in low 
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This document was uploaded on 11/04/2011 for the course HLTH 140 at Maryland.

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Cancer notes - Cancer 2ndLeadingCODinUS(2009stats Men...

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