ethicalstudyguide

ethicalstudyguide - ARGUEMENTS Argument an attempt to...

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ARGUEMENTS Argument: an attempt to persuade someone or something, by giving reasons or evidence for accepting a particular conclusion. Valid argument: if the truth of its premises entails the truth of its conclusion. All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal. (^also deductive) Sound argument: A sound argument is an argument with two features: (i) it is valid, and (ii) its premises are all true. Deductive arguments: is valid if the conclusion does follow necessarily from the premises, i.e., if the conclusion must be true provided that the premises are true. Its sound if it is valid and its premises are true. Non-deductive: the premises support the conclusion but do not entail it. --------------------------------------------------------------- Normative ethical theory: aims to tell us how we ought to live. Value Hedonism: happiness is the only thing that is intrinsically good. Hypothetical (commands) imperatives: “if you want x, do y.” conditional on the person wanting to achieve some goal.
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