T2.7_Energy_Production-Beta-oxidation_of_fatty acids,+etc

T2.7_Energy_Production-Beta-oxidation_of_fatty acids,+etc -...

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Unformatted text preview: Energy Production -Oxidation of even and odd-chain fatty acids and synthesis of ketone bodies Berg et al., Chap 22 Learning objectives Know the basic structural features of the absorbed lipid molecules and that lipids are primarily stored as triacylglycerol (TAG) in the cytosol of adipose cells. Know the nature and role of biological signals (epinephrine, glucagon, insulin) regulating the release of fatty acids from TAG and how the released fatty acids are transported into the mitochondrial compartment for beta-oxidation. Know the reactions that constitute the beta-oxidation pathway and how to calculate the number of ATP molecules generated in the oxidation of fatty acids of different chain lengths. Learning objectives: Know the reactions involved in the synthesis of succinate from propionate and the role of biotin and vitamin B 12 in this process Know how ketone bodies are formed and used for energy production by tissues (brain, heart, kidney) but not by liver which synthesizes these compounds Electron micrograph of an adipocyte...
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T2.7_Energy_Production-Beta-oxidation_of_fatty acids,+etc -...

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