CHINA AND SOUTHEAST ASIA IN THE AGE OF IMPERIALISMSSWH15:c-d.
China•Last dynasty of imperial China, the Qing•By mid-19 C, Qing became weak–overpopulation and famine–Handicraft-based domestic economy stagnated–Declining control over trade by the government–Trade disputes with the Western powers deepened crises Last emperor of China, Henry Pu Yi,
The Decline of the Qing Dynasty •Opium Wars–British started trading Indian opium for teas, silks–Millions of Chinese became addicts–Chinese tried to end trade and addiction, led to war which they lostBritish bombardment of Canton from the surrounding heights, May 1841
The Decline of the Qing Dynasty •Unequal Treaties – 1842–China lost territory (Hong Kong), control of trade, while British got new access, and opium trade continued–Chinese deeply resented Western imperialists
Signing of the Treaty of Nanking
Society and Economy
Taiping Rebellion•Prophet-like figure Hong Xiu-quan, Jesus’ younger brother•Anti-Confucian theology created Taiping movement •Millions formed a radically egalitarian, socialist utopia – shared property, stern sexual behavior•Rebel generals and peasants revolt against Qing emperorsContemporary drawing of Hong Xiuquan, dating from about 1860