MUNM 3613 FALL 2019 EXAM 2 (FINAL) STUDY GUIDE EXAM DATES: NOVEMBER 11-13 FORMAT Ø Listening w/ 4 excerpts (multiple choice ; see specifics under each week below). You should also be able to recognize/identify each track; no need to memorize titles or track numbers but be prepared to indicated genres (for instance, shabi song, sufi song ,ughniya or long song, etc). Ø Matching with pairs: similar to the matching you’ve done in the quizzes; some of the matching-pairs will be taken directly from older quizzes. Ø Multiple choice questions: some will be new and some will be taken from older quizzes. Ø (No written portion for this exam) MATERIAL COVERED Readings and powerpoints of weeks 7-11. See specifics below organized by week. WEEK 7 Topics: Music and Sufism Pearl diving songs MUSIC AND SUFISM Know basic info about the following terms/concepts: · Whirling dervishes (see “Sufi soul” documentary) a form of dhikr -the worshipper is absorbed w/rhythmic repetition · Rumi (see “Sufi soul”) -persian poet · Kawala - flute -made of reed -has 6 finger holes -religious and folk music · Zikr ritual
-remembrance -centered on the recitation of god’s name accompanied by chants, breathing techniques, and repetitive body movements that aid in concentration and help the Sufis reach a state of ecstasy · Munshid -singer of a madh ensemble · Mulid -religious festival · Sufism: meaning/definition - described as a mystical branch of Islam; spiritual movement within Islam and its belief that a Sufi practioner can experience god in this life with the assitance of rituals · Sufism: origins -8th-9th c: Iraq, Persia, Egypt -early sufi mystics: meditation & self-discipline -institutionalized- brotherhoods (orders) -zikr (remembrance) Listening: Textbook CD Track 4 “2nd mawwal” Identify: context (where?), instrumentation, theme/topic of lyrics -sufi song -spirits that inhabit the world along humans -heterophonic -Track 4 features among other membranophones: A TABLA - 0:01/0:24 id-dunya banda'it b-'ismi illah wa Muhamma= The world began with the name of God and Muhammad id-dunya = the world (repeated five times) Before adam, the proise was given to Muhammad There is (God has) compassion/mercy for people and declares his religion through Muhammad Before Muhammad, there was Jesus; his utterance was a symbol of instruction (referring to a story in the Qur'an in which Jesus speaks while still a baby) And his spokesman, Moses, his staff is a sign of instruction All the prophets adam, moses, jesus, muhammad were sent from the sky from God the Lord of instruction
His dear friend was Abraham and his affection was for Muhammad PEARL DIVING Know basic info about the following terms/concepts: · Pearl diving profession (when/where?) - 4 month trip typically started in June, a hard occupation -No diving gear, just a nose pin -dive as many as 120 times a day, the average work day is 16 hours · Bahrain - Center of the persian gulf pear industry - Oldest pearling history and largest fleet · Nahham singer: role and importance -
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- Spring '14
- Ottoman Empire, Arabic music