Final Exam - Koonhen Xie World CIV 101 Part I: Our modern...

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Koonhen Xie World CIV 101 Part I: Our modern civilizations are highly complex societies with a very organized and widely accepted political, social, belief, and economic system. Much of these systems are credited to their foundations or ancient civilizations that help shaped them the way they are today. Ancient civilizations are important for creating and carrying some of those systems along with unique traditions and customs throughout time to strengthen their civilizations. Building a civilization requires time, successes such as expansion, and downfalls such as getting invaded. The Chinese, Roman, and Egyptian civilizations are among several that faced this building process. This building process heavily depended on the physical geography of these ancient civilizations. These civilizations are all building blocks responsible for developing today’s modern civilizations and despite the geographic differences, the Chinese, Roman, and Egyptian civilizations had all experienced factors that brought about the rise and the downfall of the empires within each civilization such as the Tang dynasty in the Chinese civilization, Roman empire in ancient Rome, and Ptolemaic dynasty in ancient Egypt. Located east of the Eurasian continent was the Chinese civilization. Approximately 2000 BC, many people sought a lifestyle in the vicinity of the Yellow River or the Huang He because it was a flourishing region where they could access natural water and build an irrigation system to grow crops. At around this time, China was also located in a large region with the ocean serving as a natural barrier, deserts in the north and mountainous regions to its west. This geography of ancient China probably explained isolation from other known countries at the time. Because of this geography, China had very few outside connections and also had relatively few enemies. This allowed China to be stable for a few centuries. During China’s stable years, the civilization began to have thinkers such as Confucius and Lao Tzu whose teaching unified this civilization. Eventually, outside invaders weakened the Zhou dynasty in 1000BC. When the Qin dynasty succeeded the Zhou, politics was harsh and monarchy, a form of government ruled by a royal family, ruled the empire. Authority figures didn’t tolerate rebellions and they often punish innocent people. Grim turned bright when in 618, the birth of the Tang dynasty occurred. Li Yuan founded the Tang dynasty when he took over the throne after the decline of the Sui dynasty. The Tang period was a period of innovation, of self-confidence, and of peace between china and the foreign countries. The
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Final Exam - Koonhen Xie World CIV 101 Part I: Our modern...

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