issue essay - Olivia Downs Ms Missy James ENC 1102 11:35AM...

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Olivia Downs Ms. Missy James ENC 1102, 11:35AM October 12, 2010 Contraceptive Use vs. Abstinence Each year, almost 750,000 women ages 15-19 become pregnant (Facts). After World War II in the 1940’s, teenage birth rates made a significant increase in the United States (Clemmitt 268). Although the birth rate for teenagers decreased from that time, it shot back up in the 90’s and then steadily decreased from there. The birth rate for teenagers ranged from 100 births per 1,000 women in the 50’s to 70 births per 1,000 women in the 90’s (Clemmitt 268). The decline continued until 2005-2007 when the birth rate per teens rose 5 percent (Clemmitt 267). To decrease the birth rate per teens, the government and the public have been trying to decide how to best educate teens about teen pregnancy through school and ways to prevent it. The debate over how to teach the prevention of teenage pregnancy results to two methods: the abstinence- only curriculum and contraceptive use. “Abstinence only” curriculum can provide benefits to many teenagers and is supported by a significant number in our society. Supporters of this method of sex education say that abstaining from sex is the only way pregnancy is 100% preventable (Update: Teen Pregnancy). Abstaining from sex also means there are no risks of getting any STD’s or having to have an abortion. Some teenagers stick with abstinence-only programs to keep a good image, they believe in waiting until marriage, they haven’t found the right partner, or even because they want to honor the wishes of their parents. According to the Family Research Council, sticking with abstinence has its other rewards such as relationship skills, self-control, goal setting, decision making, healthy personal and sexual boundaries, and more (Update: Teen Pregnancy).There has also been evidence that teenagers themselves support abstinence according to the Centers of
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Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In 2003, the CDC questioned teens about if they have
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2011 for the course ENC 1102 taught by Professor Lohmeyer during the Fall '07 term at Tallahassee Community College.

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issue essay - Olivia Downs Ms Missy James ENC 1102 11:35AM...

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