93955-0205648541_ch10

93955-0205648541_ch10 - The Struggle For Democracy Chapter...

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The Struggle For Democracy Chapter 10: Voting, Campaigns and Elections
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Elections are essential for democratic politics Popular sovereignty Majority rule
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Critical Thinking Questions Is it possible that voter apathy is to blame for broken campaign promises and unfulfilled commitments? Why? How? Would government policies be different if voters elected a more demographically representative group of officeholders? How?
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Responsible party government (aka retrospective voting): assumes that each party is cohesive, unified and takes clear policy positions that are different from the other Does not guarantee popular sovereignty Does not guarantee political equality The parties are not cohesive or unified Parties often cannot or do not keep their promises Does this work? How?
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Electoral competition: parties should compete for votes by taking the most popular positions they can Ensures democratic control only if the parties are unified and take clear stands Other factors (e.g., money) could hurt this Constituents have to Vote Vote based on issues alone Again, does this work? How?
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Electoral reward and punishment or retrospective voting: voters make backward-looking judgments about how well incumbents have done in the past Unified parties compete for votes by emphasizing their competence, not by taking specific stands on issues Parties do not take specific stands on issues
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93955-0205648541_ch10 - The Struggle For Democracy Chapter...

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