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CH_12_STUDY_NOTES_MS_Word

CH_12_STUDY_NOTES_MS_Word - Management 610 HR Fall 2014 Dr...

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Chapter 13 Chapter 12 Human Resource Management Chapter Outline I. The Strategic Role of Human Resource Management (HRM) II. Environmental Influences on HRM A. Competitive Strategy B. Federal Legislation III. The Changing Nature of Careers A. The Changing Social Contract B. HR Issues in the New Workplace IV. Attracting an Effective Workforce A. Human Resource Planning B. Recruiting C. Selecting V. Developing an Effective Workforce A. Training and Development B. Performance Appraisal VI. Maintaining an Effective Workforce A. Compensation B. Benefits C. Termination Annotated Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, students should be able to: 1. Explain the role of human resource management in organizational strategic planning. The term human resource planning (HRM) refers to activities undertaken to attract an effective workforce, develop the workforce to its potential, and maintain the workforce over the long term. These goals take place within the larger organizational environment including competitive strategy, federal legislation, and societal trends. The organization’s competitive strategy may include mergers and acquisitions, downsizing to increase efficiency, international operations, or the 60
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Chapter 13 acquisition of automated production technology. These strategic decisions determine the demand for skills and employees. The human resource strategy, in turn, must include the correct employee makeup to implement the organization’s strategy. 2. Describe federal legislation and societal trends that influence human resource management. Several federal laws have been passed to ensure equal employment opportunity (EEO). The point of the laws is to stop discriminatory practices that are unfair to specific groups and to define enforcement agencies for these laws. EEO legislation attempts to balance the pay given to men and women; provide employment opportunities without regard to race, religion, national origin, and sex; ensure fair treatment for employees of all ages; and avoid discrimination against disabled individuals. More recent legislation pertains to illegal aliens. Trends in society that raise new problems for staffing the firm include everything from court decisions that rule against companies that fire employees to dramatic changes in the makeup of the labor force. These trends include the following: Globalization. As companies enter the global marketplace HRM must deal with such staffing concerns as whether or not to send expatriate managers or hire local managers for foreign operations. Workforce Diversity. The people filling jobs in the year 2000 will have a different racial and gender makeup than current employees. Labor Supply Fluctuations. Changing demographics and economic conditions affect labor supply. The massive reduction in the nation’s defense needs and widespread corporate downsizing reversed the labor shortage as millions of white- collar and blue-collar Americans joined the ranks of the unemployed. The future
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