A second way that diversity can result is through a process of variable or

A second way that diversity can result is through a process of variable or

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1. A second way that diversity can result is through a process of variable or "inaccurate" recombination. The figure illustrates three possible recombination events between the variable (V) and joining (J) regions of an immunoglobulin light chain. In the first event, a proline-tryptophan dipeptide sequence is produced in the resulting protein. However, in the second and third events, differential recombination places proline-arginine or proline-proline sequences into the resulting immunoglobulin. These types of events may
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Unformatted text preview: also occur between the V and D regions and the D and J regions of the heavy chain DNA sequence. A third way that diversity can result is through a process of mutation. This process simply involves changes in DNA sequence that occur during differentiation of the B-cell. The figure illustrates how an A:T to G:C transition mutation could change a serine residue into a glycine residue in the resulting immunoglobulin. This process may, in part, explain the diversity observed in hypervariable (CDR) regions....
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