CONTRO10 - • The family Mycobacteriaceae are...

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CONTROL: Sanitary: Reduce carrier rate by use of vaccine. Immunological: A vaccine ( D PT) prepared from an alkaline formaldehyde inactivated toxin (i.e. toxoid) is required. Passive immunization with antitoxin can be used for patients. Chemotherapeutic: Penicillin, erythromycin or gentamicin are drugs of choice. Mycobacterium ORGANISM: Genus: Mycobacterium Species: tuberculosis , leprae GENERAL CONCEPTS: Mycobacteria belong in the family Mycobacteriaceae and are part of the CMN group ( Corynebacteria, Mycobacteria and Nocardia
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Unformatted text preview: ). • The family Mycobacteriaceae are Gram-positive, nonmotile, catalase-positive and have a rodlike to filamentous morphology ( Corynebacteria are often pleomorphic). • As a group, they produce characteristic long chain fatty acids termed mycolic acids. In the image to the right, the R-groups represent these chains. For Corynebacteria , chains of 28-40 carbons are common; for Nocardia , chains of 40-56 carbons are produced; for Mycobacteria , the chains are 60-90 carbons in length....
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course BIOLOGY MCB2010 taught by Professor Jessicadigirolamo during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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CONTRO10 - • The family Mycobacteriaceae are...

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