DIAGNOSI9 - Condoms are useful for preventing gonorrhea...

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DIAGNOSIS: Clinical: The symptoms of gonorrhea differ between the sexes. In men, a copious urethral exudate containing Gram- negative diplococci is common; in women, disease is often asymptomatic. The symptoms of meningitis usually begin abruptly with headache and fever. However, confirmation of meningococcal infection requires bacteriologic culture. Laboratory: Neisseria may be cultured on Thayer-Martin agar or other suitable media with incubation in 10% CO 2 . Neisseria are strongly oxidase-positive, Gram- negative diplococci. N. gonorrhoeae oxidizes glucose only; N. meningitidis oxidizes both glucose and maltose. CONTROL: Sanitary:
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Unformatted text preview: Condoms are useful for preventing gonorrhea. Avoiding contact with infected persons can prevent meningitis. • Immunological: Only experimental vaccines are available. These vaccines target the meningococcal capsular polysaccharide but are not effective against group B (the most common isolate) because of its poor immunogenicity. • Chemotherapeutic: Penicillin is the drug of choice for treating gonorrhea. However, the number of resistant isolates continues to increase and other drugs must be employed in these cases. Penicillin is also the drug of choice for treating meningococcal meningitis....
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course BIOLOGY MCB2010 taught by Professor Jessicadigirolamo during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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