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Unformatted text preview: resemble human muscle and connective tissue and these similarities may be responsible for the late sequelae. For example, S. pyogenes membrane Ags resemble cardiac, skeletal, smooth muscle, heart valve fibroblasts and neuronal tissue. • The capsule of S. pyogenes is composed of hyaluronic acid (like host connective tissue) so it is non-antigenic while the capsule of S. pneumoniae is very antigenic and is its sole virulence factor. • Toxins produced by streptococci include: streptolysins (S & O), NADase, hyaluronidase, streptokinase, DNAses, erythrogenic toxin (causes scarlet fever rash by producing damage to blood vessels; requires cell to be lysogenized by phage that encodes toxin)....
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course BIOLOGY MCB2010 taught by Professor Jessicadigirolamo during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10