EPIDEMIOLOG3 - not used regularly. CONTROL: Sanitary:...

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EPIDEMIOLOGY: Tuberculosis is spread by airborne droplets that must penetrate deep into the respiratory tree. With the AIDS epidemic, the number of multiple drug resistant (MDR) strains has increased, making it even more difficult to treat cases. DIAGNOSIS: Clinical: Tuberculosis is characterized by a prolonged and productive cough. Laboratory: Performing an acid-fast stain on sputum can reveal the bacteria. A skin test can ascertain exposure, but only where the Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is
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Unformatted text preview: not used regularly. CONTROL: Sanitary: Treatment and quarantine of cases reduces the rate. Immunological: BCG vaccine is available . In the US, this is used to test for exposure; in other areas of the world, it is used to prevent disease. Chemotherapeutic: Isoniazid, rifampin and ethambutol are the drugs used to treat tuberculosis, often in combination and often for many months. Rifampin is used for leprosy....
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This note was uploaded on 11/05/2011 for the course BIOLOGY MCB2010 taught by Professor Jessicadigirolamo during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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